If you are a beginner to composting, start off with the most popular method: aerobic composting in a pot. Aerobic composting is done above-ground with the help of microorganisms that consume and decompose organic waste matter in an aerated environment. You can make the composting container yourself or buy one. Usually, three pots are used, stacked one on top of the other.
Here are the steps involved:
Segregate your household waste into dry and wet—right in your kitchen. Fruit peels, teabags and leftovers of food are wet waste, while paper, plastic and packaging are dry waste.
Put the wet and dry waste in two different containers in the kitchen.
Once the wet waste container is full, put its contents into the first compost pot.
Add dried leaves of the same quantity as the waste.
Add semi-composted material, buttermilk or cow dung to start off the decomposition process.
Turn the pile around every other day.
The pile has to be kept at the right level of dampness. If it is too wet, add dried leaves and stir. If it is too dry, add water and stir.
Once full, leave the pot open for 30–45 days for the composting to happen.
Once the container is full, move the semi-composted matter into a larger container or bin.
After two months, the waste will turn into rich compost that can be used or sold as manure.
Note: Do not add cooked food, meat and dairy products, at least in the beginning, to avoid a stench.
Like any other initiative, it will take you a couple of months to familiarize yourself with the composting process. Initial problems like too many maggots, soldier flies, fruit flies or the stench might put you off, but stay on course and complete at least two cycles of composting. Not only will you be reducing the waste generated in your city, but also contributing to an environment-conscious society.