pot-compostingIf you are a beginner to composting, start off with the most popular method: aerobic composting in a pot. Aerobic composting is done above-ground with the help of microorganisms that consume and decompose organic waste matter in an aerated environment. You can make the composting container yourself or buy one. Usually, three pots are used, stacked one on top of the other.

Here are the steps involved:

Segregate your household waste into dry and wet—right in your kitchen. Fruit peels, teabags and leftovers of food are wet waste, while paper, plastic and packaging are dry waste.
Put the wet and dry waste in two different containers in the kitchen.
Once the wet waste container is full, put its contents into the first compost pot.
Add dried leaves of the same quantity as the waste.
Add semi-composted material, buttermilk or cow dung to start off the decomposition process.
Turn the pile around every other day.
compost-environmentThe pile has to be kept at the right level of dampness. If it is too wet, add dried leaves and stir. If it is too dry, add water and stir.
Once full, leave the pot open for 30–45 days for the composting to happen.
Once the container is full, move the semi-composted matter into a larger container or bin.
After two months, the waste will turn into rich compost that can be used or sold as manure.
Note: Do not add cooked food, meat and dairy products, at least in the beginning, to avoid a stench.

Like any other initiative, it will take you a couple of months to familiarize yourself with the composting process. Initial problems like too many maggots, soldier flies, fruit flies or the stench might put you off, but stay on course and complete at least two cycles of composting. Not only will you be reducing the waste generated in your city, but also contributing to an environment-conscious society.

Have you ever thought about how much household waste we generate in a day? According to this report by Chintan Environmental Research and Action Group, individual middle-class residents in big cities generate nearly 0.8 kg of waste per day. And nearly 60% or more of the daily waste generated in households is made up of organic matter.Composting is the best way to handle your food waste; it needn’t ever leave your apartment or head to the landfills. You can convert your daily dustbin contents into rich, organic manure and grow flowers, vegetables or plants with it.

What does ECA do

The importance of waste segregation and composting wet waste is highlighted through talks, discussions, demonstrations and free trials in schools, colleges and communities. Experts visit locations and simplify the methods of segregation, show demonstrations and share plans for setting up composting systems. Initial help is provided and contacts for obtaining the composting culture or powder are made available.